What is the maximum length of a URL in different browsers?


The maximum length of a URL in different browsers is a common question that web developers often come across. It is essential to understand these limitations to ensure the proper functioning of your website or web application. In this article, we will explore the maximum URL length for each browser and whether it is part of the HTTP specification.

Understanding URLs

Before diving into browser limitations, let's quickly review what a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is. A URL is an address that points to a resource on the internet. It typically consists of several components, including:

  • Protocol: The protocol used to retrieve the resource, such as HTTP or HTTPS.
  • Domain: The domain or hostname of the server where the resource is located.
  • Path: The specific location and file on the server.
  • Query Parameters: Additional data passed to the server as key-value pairs.
  • Fragment Identifier: A specific portion within the resource, often used for linking to specific sections of a page.

HTTP Specification

The HTTP specification, which defines how web servers and web browsers communicate, does not specify a maximum URL length. However, it does define a maximum length for the entire HTTP request line, which includes the URL. According to the HTTP/1.1 specification, the request line should not exceed 8192 bytes (8 KB) in length.

Browser Limitations

While the HTTP specification does not provide a maximum URL length, browsers have their own limitations. Let's take a closer look at the maximum URL length in popular browsers:

1. Google Chrome:

Google Chrome has a maximum URL length of around 2 MB (approximately 2,083,000 characters). This limitation includes the entire URL, including any query parameters and fragment identifiers.

2. Mozilla Firefox:

Mozilla Firefox also has a maximum URL length of around 2 MB, similar to Google Chrome. It is important to note that this limitation applies to the entire URL, including all components.

3. Safari:

In Safari, the maximum URL length is slightly lower compared to Chrome and Firefox. It has a limit of around 8000 characters.

4. Microsoft Edge:

Microsoft Edge has a maximum URL length similar to Safari, around 8000 characters. It is worth noting that older versions of Internet Explorer had a lower URL length limit.

5. Internet Explorer:

Older versions of Internet Explorer, such as IE6 and IE7, had a maximum URL length of 2083 characters. However, newer versions like IE8 and above increased the limit to around 8000 characters to match other modern browsers.

Best Practices

While it is important to be aware of maximum URL lengths, it is generally recommended to keep URLs as short and concise as possible. Long URLs can be difficult to read and share, and they may also pose security risks if sensitive data is included in the URL.

Here are some best practices for URL optimization:

  • Avoid unnecessary query parameters and use meaningful names for parameters.
  • Use URL rewriting techniques to create more user-friendly and shorter URLs.
  • Consider using a URL shortening service for very long URLs.
  • Ensure that URLs do not contain sensitive information like passwords or session IDs.


In conclusion, the maximum URL length varies among different browsers, with Chrome and Firefox supporting the longest URLs of around 2 MB. The HTTP specification does not define a maximum URL length, but it does provide a maximum length for the entire HTTP request line. It is important to keep URLs concise and optimized for usability and security purposes. By following the best practices mentioned in this article, you can ensure that your URLs are well-structured and compatible across various browsers.