PHP parse/syntax errors; and how to solve them

The Common Syntax Errors in PHP

  • Unexpected T_STRING
  • Unexpected T_VARIABLE
  • Unexpected $end
  • Unexpected T_FUNCTION
  • Unexpected {
  • Unexpected }
  • Unexpected (
  • Unexpected [
  • Unexpected T_IF
  • Unexpected T_FOREACH
  • Unexpected T_FOR
  • Unexpected T_WHILE
  • Unexpected T_DO
  • Unexpected T_PRINT
  • Unexpected T_ECHO
  • Unexpected T_LNUMBER
  • Unexpected ?
  • Unexpected continue (T_CONTINUE)
  • Unexpected continue (T_BREAK)
  • Unexpected continue (T_RETURN)
  • Unexpected =
  • Unexpected T_INLINE_HTML
  • Unexpected T_OBJECT_OPERATOR
  • Unexpected T_DOUBLE_ARROW
  • Unexpected T_SL
  • Unexpected T_BOOLEAN_OR
  • Unexpected T_BOOLEAN_AND
  • Unexpected T_IS_EQUAL
  • Unexpected T_IS_GREATER_OR_EQUAL
  • Unexpected T_IS_IDENTICAL
  • Unexpected T_IS_NOT_EQUAL
  • Unexpected T_IS_NOT_IDENTICAL
  • Unexpected T_IS_SMALLER_OR_EQUAL
  • Unexpected &
  • Unexpected T_NS_SEPARATOR
  • Unexpected character in input: '\' (ASCII=92) state=1
  • Unexpected 'public' (T_PUBLIC)
  • Unexpected 'private' (T_PRIVATE)
  • Unexpected 'protected' (T_PROTECTED)
  • Unexpected 'final' (T_FINAL)
  • Unexpected T_STATIC
  • Unexpected T_CLASS
  • Unexpected 'use' (T_USE)
  • Unexpected T_DNUMBER
  • Unexpected , (comma)
  • Unpexected . (period)
  • Unexpected ; (semicolon)
  • Unexpected * (asterisk)
  • Unexpected : (colon)
  • Unexpected ':', expecting ',' or ')'
  • Unexpected & (call-time pass-by-reference)
  • Unexpected .

How to Solve Syntax Errors in PHP

Syntax errors in PHP can be frustrating, but with a systematic approach, they can be easily resolved. Follow these steps to solve syntax errors in PHP:

  1. Look at the code context: The first step is to carefully examine the code where the error is occurring. Look at the line number mentioned in the error message to get an idea of where to start looking.
  2. Compare code against syntax examples: Compare your code against syntax examples from the PHP manual or other reliable sources. This can help you identify any missing or incorrect syntax in your code.
  3. Check for typos and missing characters: Syntax errors can often be caused by simple typos or missing characters. Carefully review your code to check for any typos or missing characters, such as braces, parentheses, or semicolons.
  4. Use an integrated development environment (IDE): IDEs often have built-in error checking and code analysis tools that can help you identify syntax errors in real-time.
  5. Break the code into smaller parts: If you're having trouble identifying the syntax error, try breaking the code into smaller parts and testing each part separately. This can help isolate the specific line or section causing the error.
  6. Utilize error reporting and debugging tools: PHP has built-in error reporting and debugging tools that can provide more detailed information about the syntax error. Enable error reporting and use debugging tools to track down the exact cause of the error.
  7. Check PHP version compatibility: If the syntax error occurs after installing or upgrading an external vendor package, it could be due to PHP version incompatibility. Check the vendor's requirements against your platform setup to ensure compatibility.


Syntax errors are a common occurrence in PHP programming, but they can be easily resolved by following a systematic approach. By carefully examining the code, comparing against syntax examples, checking for typos, utilizing IDEs and debugging tools, and ensuring PHP version compatibility, you can quickly identify and fix syntax errors in your PHP code.

Remember to take your time and show your own problem-solving initiative before seeking help from others. Happy coding!