What is the most efficient way to deep clone an object in JavaScript?

Cloning an object in JavaScript is a common task, and it's important to understand the different methods available and their efficiency. In this article, we will explore various approaches to deep cloning an object in JavaScript and discuss their pros and cons.

1. Using JSON.parse(JSON.stringify())

One of the most commonly used methods to deep clone an object in JavaScript is by using JSON.stringify() and JSON.parse(). Here's how you can do it:

const clonedObj = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(obj));

This method works by first converting the object to a JSON string representation using JSON.stringify(). Then, it parses the JSON string back into an object using JSON.parse(). This effectively creates a new object that is a deep clone of the original object.


  • Simple and easy to use.
  • Works for most scenarios.


  • It does not work for objects that contain functions or non-serializable properties (e.g., Date objects).
  • Serialization and deserialization can be slow for large objects.
  • It loses the original object's prototype chain.

2. Using a recursive function

Another approach to deep cloning an object is by using a recursive function. This function iterates over the properties of the original object and creates a new object with the same properties and values. Here's an example:

function deepClone(obj) {
  let clone = {};
  for (let key in obj) {
    if (typeof obj[key] === 'object' && obj[key] !== null) {
      clone[key] = deepClone(obj[key]);
    } else {
      clone[key] = obj[key];
  return clone;

const clonedObj = deepClone(obj);


  • Works for almost all scenarios, including objects with functions and non-serializable properties.
  • Preserves the original object's prototype chain.


  • Can be more complex and error-prone compared to using JSON.parse(JSON.stringify()).
  • Performance can be slower for deep and complex objects.

3. Using object spread operator

If you are using ES6 or later, you can take advantage of the object spread operator to clone an object. Here's how it can be done:

const clonedObj = { ...obj };

This method creates a new object with the same properties and values as the original object using the spread operator. However, it only creates a shallow clone, meaning that nested objects will still be references to the original objects. If you need a deep clone, you can combine this method with the recursive function approach.

4. Using third-party libraries

There are also several third-party libraries available that provide more advanced cloning options. These libraries often offer additional features like handling circular references or preserving class instances.

Some popular libraries for cloning objects in JavaScript include:

These libraries offer more advanced cloning techniques and optimizations compared to the basic methods mentioned earlier.


Cloning objects in JavaScript is a common task, and there are multiple approaches to achieve this goal. JSON.parse(JSON.stringify()), recursive functions, object spread operator, and third-party libraries are some of the options available.

The best method to use depends on your specific requirements and the complexity of the objects you are working with. In most cases, JSON.parse(JSON.stringify()) is sufficient and efficient, but it has limitations with non-serializable properties.

If you need to clone objects with functions or non-serializable properties, a recursive function or third-party libraries like Lodash or Immutable.js may be more suitable.