How can I fix 'android.os.NetworkOnMainThreadException'?

If you have encountered the 'android.os.NetworkOnMainThreadException' error while running your Android project, it means that you are attempting to perform a network operation on the main thread of your application. By default, Android does not allow network operations to be executed on the main thread to prevent blocking the user interface (UI) and causing a poor user experience.

Why does this exception occur?

In Android, the main thread, also known as the UI thread, is responsible for handling user input and updating the UI. If a network operation is performed on the main thread, it can lead to a frozen or unresponsive UI, resulting in a poor user experience. To ensure a smooth and responsive UI, network operations should be performed on a separate thread or background thread.

How to fix the 'android.os.NetworkOnMainThreadException'?

To fix this issue, you need to move the network operation code to a separate thread or use asynchronous tasks such as AsyncTask, Thread, or Kotlin coroutines. Here are a few solutions:

1. AsyncTask

An AsyncTask is a simple way to perform background operations and update the UI thread. Here's an example of how to use AsyncTask to fix the 'android.os.NetworkOnMainThreadException':

                private class NetworkTask extends AsyncTask<Void, Void, RssFeed> {
                    protected RssFeed doInBackground(Void... params) {
                        // Network operation code here
                    protected void onPostExecute(RssFeed result) {
                        // UI update code here
                // Execute the AsyncTask
                new NetworkTask().execute();

2. Thread

You can also use the Thread class to perform network operations on a separate thread. Here's an example:

                new Thread(new Runnable() {
                    public void run() {
                        // Network operation code here

3. Kotlin Coroutines

If you are using Kotlin, you can leverage Kotlin coroutines to perform asynchronous network operations. Here's an example:

                CoroutineScope(Dispatchers.IO).launch {
                    // Network operation code here
                    withContext(Dispatchers.Main) {
                        // UI update code here

Best practices for network operations

When performing network operations in your Android application, it's important to follow these best practices:

  • Use Background Threads: Always perform network operations on a separate thread to avoid blocking the main thread.
  • Handle Exceptions: Wrap your network code in try-catch blocks to handle any exceptions that may occur, such as network connectivity issues.
  • Use Libraries: Utilize popular networking libraries like Volley, OkHttp, or Retrofit, which provide convenient APIs and handle network operations efficiently.
  • Check Network Availability: Before making network requests, check for network availability to provide appropriate error messages or fallback options when the device is offline.


The 'android.os.NetworkOnMainThreadException' occurs when a network operation is performed on the main thread, which can lead to an unresponsive UI. To fix this issue, you can use solutions like AsyncTask, Thread, or Kotlin coroutines to perform the network operation on a background thread. Make sure to follow best practices for network operations to ensure a smooth and responsive user experience in your Android application.